Read Colorado Springs Gazette Telegraph Newspaper Archives, Jun 10, , p . 65 with family history and genealogy records from Colorado. 7,/83, it is “illegal to hire workers for an outsourced company, with employment .. As, p) noted, what interests a capitalist in producing an item ” is not strictly .. MARINHO, L. CNI defende lei da terceirização para proteger o trabalhador. in by the so-called law of national security (Lei de Segurarnça Nacional). This scenario changed with the enactment of Law 7, on 4 July
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In outsourcing contracts, there is a trilateral relationship, in which the outsourced company stands between the contractee and the employee, since the latter is hired indirectly. The latter can be expressed in a renewed interest in phenomenology, hermeneutics and in ethnomethodology.
One can d evidence, on completing the partial mapping of the subject of outsourcing, and especially with regard to Bill No. One should perhaps highlight here a feature of the debate over outsourcing, associated with the efforts being made against Bill No. Counterphenomenonality, meanwhile, postulates that, on diving into the elements at the deepest levels of reality, the researcher may be faced with mechanisms, provisions and ldi structures, expressed in the form of trends and countertrends, which can help him recognise and reveal the multifaceted nature inherent in social reality HAMLIN, Thus, until the process is completed, the redefinition of the institution of outsourcing remains open, and strongly influenced by the performance of the collective actors.
It is worth noting that the managerial dimension appears in transversal form in the texts, but is not the focus of their primary analysis, because of the non-managerial approach employed by the authors. The text lfi full of the Bill itself was also analysed.
Outsourcing and resistance to it in Brazil: Bill No. 4,/04 and the actions of collective actors
Furthermore, studies focusing on the micro dimension of analysis, in shining the spotlight on the different actors involved in this process, may be able to better capture the diversity of meanings, reasons, motivations, emotions and interests that move them and thus get a better insight into their views and positions in relation to this issue. The activities of these different actors were assumed as being representative of the forces that express trends and countertrends and, therefore, diverging interests in relation to the subject of outsourcing.
According to Melothere are a total of 22 alternative bills aimed at regulating the institution of outsourcing making their way through the Lower House, with the main difference between them being the scope of their application, in other words, whether they include or not core activities and what their definition is in relation to the responsibilities or liabilities of the contractees of outsourced services, i. The contraposition of the different points of view confirms that the traditional arguments, aimed at legitimising outsourcing, ranging from an increase in the legal security of workers to the generation of jobs are “fallacies” and, therefore, lacking in consistent empirical foundations ANTUNES and DRUCK, Oltramari and Piccininiin a comparative study of two industrial concerns in the textile sector, point to the adoption of different levels of automation and managerial and technological innovation and their relationship with different aspects of labour relations, including their significance to the workers.
With regard to the symbolic dimension, research has prioritised the perspective of outsourced workers, looking at areas such the subjective construction of the psychological contract, moral harassment, and the dw of a collective identity of workers. The idea is to put the current situation into context.
Thus, at least in terms of Bill No. Critical realist applications in organization and management studies. Factual reality, meanwhile, includes events whose occurrence may or may not correspond to perception or immediate observation, while the real field is made up of the mechanisms, provisions and subjacent structures, which are causually related to perceptions, observations and to the events that make up the other fields.
The multifaceted reality of the labour market has a number of dimensions through which its different topics can be looked at. They describe themselves as IT professionals and adapt themselves, even if within a conflictive environment, to the pressures of longer working hours caused by the fear of unemployment. If the bill passes into law, any professional with direct employment ties will then be subject to being hired by indirect means, and this would include professors, bank staff, supermarket checkout operators, doctors, nurses and the absolute majority of workers in the retail sector.
Oxford University Press, Table 1 provides information lej to the progression of Bill No. In addition, 19 of the 26 judges that make up the TST also signed a document against the bill.
We therefore resorted to the usual forms of research logic used in the field of Critical Realism, as well as employing a hermeneutic approach to the perceptions provided by the different actors, by the Bill itself and by the literature under review.
Everybody outsources” MARINHO,asserting furthermore, that this Bill does not pose a risk to rights, as those opposing the Bill claim, but rather “broadly guarantees the rights of workers”, contributing to the regulation of a practice that is widely ve throughout the country.
What discursive formations were put into action? The justifications attached to Bill No. In view of the position taken in this article regarding the institution of outsourcing, this literature review has prioritised articles that have taken a critical position in relation to the subject, even though to different degrees and adopting different ontological, epistemological and methodological points of view.
Nevertheless, one should stress that, on the day that this article was submitted and after its basic text was approved, on 8 Aprilonly a few items remained outstanding for discussion. This precariousness manifests itself in the growing number leu workplace accidents that have occurred, as well as in work that is often carried out under conditions akin to slavery, common not only in the primary sector of the economy but also in the second and tertiary sectors.
It would consequently violate international norms, such as Convention No. In a similar vein, one has the affirmation made by Alexandre Furlan, president of the Council of Labour Relations and Social Development at the CNI, who argues that “we cannot close our eyes to outsourcing.
From the point of view of receipt, by the worker, of his rights due, the subsidiary responsibility of the contractee implies, for example, in the extension of the legal process, which can result in extensive delays in the receipt of payments by workers for maternity leave, holidays, severance pay and wages.
The historical roots of the institution of outsourcing go back to the s, with the gradual implementation of so-called Toyotism in Brazil. The lack of coverage in the media of the progression of Bill No.
Thus, this clearly allows for the possibility of broadening the legal security of businessmen and outsourced workers involved in non-core activities without, however, having to extend outsourcing to core activities.
The legal mechanism in question changes this definition when it states, in its Article 4 Chapt. The special viewpoint of this article manages to look beyond the barriers imposed by organisations, and is thus able to see, above all, the political dimension that lies beyond the day-to-day of organisations.
Another point that deserves further analysis deals with the discourses of the mass media, especially following the approval of the Bill, which were meant to inform the great general public. This present article considers that the institution of outsourcing is the transitory result of a dynamic process of conflict between individual and collective actors, which reflects the coexistence of trends and counter-trends.
However, the heterogeneity of the subjects of this research suggests that the condition of being an outsourced worker affects, in different ways, the expectations of the workers surveyed and, therefore, their psychological contracts.